Most rural households do not have access to municipal sewage treatment systems and need a way of properly treating and disposing of waste water. Basic information concerning operation and maintenance of septic systems is provided online by the University of Minnesota.
A sale or transfer of property requires your septic system be inspected by a state licensed inspector prior to the sale. A valid certificate of compliance or notice of non compliance is required at closing.
Straight pipe systems deposit sewage directly to a lake or a stream, a drainage system, or a yard. They are a threat to our environment and our health. Read about straight pipe systems in the Straight Pipe Fact Sheet (PDF).